Experiments extending over a period of ten years are -summarized in this bulletin.  The oat may be made a much more profitable crop in Alabama than it now is, provided farmers will make the two following innovations in the usual method of caring for the crop; (1) Sowing in the early or middle fall. (2)  Applying nitrate of soda as a top dressing in March, or sowing on land where a soil-improving crop like cow peas
has recently grown