The US EPA divides watersheds into tributary subasins as well as into hydrologic sections such as upper, middle and lower segments of a river basin. This section evaluates each of the significant sections and tributaries to the Conecuh / Escambia system in Alabama and portions of Florida.
PATSALIGA CREEK TRIBUTARIES
Blue Creek, Buck Creek, Dry Creek, Greenbrier Creek, Horse Creek, Little Patsaliga Creek, Olustee Creek, Piney Woods Creek, Pond Creek, Sawyer Creek, Silom Creek, Weaver Mill Creek
UPPER CONECUH TRIBUTARIES
Beeman Creek, Brushy Creek, Buck Creek, Dry Creek, Hornet Creek, Log Creek, Mannings Creek, Pastaliga River, Providence Creek, Sepulga River
SEPULGA RIVER TRIBUTARIES
Bottle Creek, Halls Creek, Long Creek, Muscle Creek, Old Town Creek, Panther Creek, Persimmon Creek, Pigeon Creek, Reedy Creek, Rocky Creek, Stallings Creek, Three Run Creek
The Sepulga River derived its name from a compound Indian term, Sucka Pulga which means Hog’s Creek. A tradition, derived from the Indians, is to the following effect: The Indians lost a large herd of swine from drowing in the stream where Sowell’s Bridge now spans the creek. The native tribes were accustomed to drive hogs, fattened on the luxuriant mast in the oak and hickory swamps of Lowndes and Montgomery counties, to Pensacola. A drove of these hogs having been drowned at the above mentioned point, the name Sucka (hog) and Pulga (creek) was given it; and for convenience, the Anglo-Saxons have corrupted the name into Sepulga. (Riley)
The Sepulga River sub-basin is highly unique in that as of 1997, 97.57% of the basin was forested by pine, hardwood, and mixed pine/hardwood forests. Very few basins have such a high percentage of forested land. Only 2.43% of the basin is designated as urban or agricultural. However, very little of this forest cover is natural forest. These lands are managed for silviculture by Alabamas forest industry. (Hamilton)
Bottle Creek harbors a mussel considered endangered, the Alabama pearlshell, and another of special concern, the Southern Pocketbook.
LOWER CONECUH TRIBUTARIES
Burnt Corn Creek, Cane Creek, Dean Creek, Hall Creek, Little Escambia Creek, Murder Creek, Narrow Gap Creek, Panther Creek, Smith Creek
Big Escambia Creek has been virtually absent of any mussel fauna in recent surveys despite adequate habitat and water quality. (McGregor)
Murder Creek derived its name, according to Colonel Pickett, in his History of Alabama, vol II, page 82, from a bloody tragedy enacted upon its banks in 1788. At one time, due to the profitability of boat owners, Murder Creek was attempted to be made navigable. However, after ineffectual attempts the proposition was determined non-feasible. (Riley p.97)